Multipotent hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) transplantation is currently the most popular stem cell therapy. At this time, the most commonly used stem cell-based therapy is bone marrow transplantation. Blood-forming stem cells in bone marrow were the first stem cells identified and were the first to be used in the clinic. This life-saving technique has helped thousands of people around the world who had had blood cancers, such as leukemia.
In addition to their current use in cancer treatments, research suggests that bone marrow transplants will be useful in treating autoimmune diseases and helping people tolerate transplanted organs. Other adult stem cell-based therapies are currently in clinical trials. Until those trials are completed, we will not know which type of stem cell is most effective in treating different diseases. You can learn a lot about stem cell research and its potential to impact human health on the A Closer Look at Stem Cells website, designed, maintained and presented by the International Society for Stem Cell Research (ISSCR).
This website offers many resources for patients and those looking for more information on stem cell biology and regenerative medicine. It includes information on what to consider when joining a clinical trial. Currently, the only stem cell therapy that is routinely reviewed and approved by the United States,. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is a hematopoietic (or blood) stem cell transplant.
It is used to treat patients with cancers and disorders affecting the blood and immune system. Stem cell-based therapies for all other conditions remain experimental. The ClinicalTrials, gov website has the most up-to-date information on clinical trials that are testing whether stem cell-based therapies are safe and effective in humans. If you have questions about specific clinical trials, the only people who can answer them correctly are those who are listed as the primary contact for each study listed on ClinicalTrials, gov.
HSCI Does Not Enroll Any Volunteers in Clinical Trials. Harvard Stem Cell InstituteBauer Building, Administrative Suite7 Divinity AvenueCambridge, MA 02138.Researchers hope that stem cells will one day be effective in treating many medical conditions and diseases. However, treatments with unproven stem cells can be unsafe, so be aware of all the facts if you are considering treatment. Today, very few stem cell treatments have been shown to be safe and effective.
The most commonly used stem cell treatment is hematopoietic (or blood) stem cell transplantation, such as bone marrow transplantation, to treat certain disorders of the blood and immune system, such as leukemia. In addition, there is no evidence that any stem cell therapy offered by stem cell clinics is effective or safe. Stem cell-based therapies now explore the possibility of stopping disease progression and reversing neuronal damage. Patients and their loved ones can also talk to clinics, which often offer stem cell treatments of the types mentioned above, and patients report significant positive results.
If you have a certain type of blood cancer, for example, transplantation of blood-forming stem cells makes sense, since treatment requires those specific cells to do exactly what they are designed to do. These types of stem cells can be difficult to identify and isolate in the human body and are more difficult to grow in culture than embryonic stem cells. Adult stem cells may not be manipulated to produce all types of cells, limiting how adult stem cells can be used to treat diseases. Although transplantation of different forms of neural stem cells and oligodendrocyte progenitors has led to axon growth, in addition to neuronal connectivity, which presents a possibility of repair (3), proof of recovered function has not yet been established in rigorous clinical trials.
Based in Vancouver, Canada, the company is developing autologous cell therapy that uses dermal sheath cup cells (DSC) to treat androgenetic alopecia (male pattern baldness). Millman is also optimistic about the potential of stem cell-based therapies to help large numbers of people in the future. Despite the successes and advances of recent years, there are several important challenges that must be addressed before stem cell therapies are available to treat a wide range of diseases. Researchers have already shown that adult bone marrow cells guided to become heart-like cells can repair heart tissue in people, and more research is being done.
Finally, one could postulate that one of the most challenging ethical issues facing in the field of stem cell-based therapies right now is the growing number of clinics offering unproven stem cell-based treatments. One type of stem cell is the embryonic stem cell, which only exists in the earliest stages of development. In recent years, there has been an exponential advance in clinical trials that revolve around stem cell-based therapies. Stem cell therapy is becoming a tangible reality every day, thanks to the growing research carried out over the last decade.